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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • If my submission is intended for a special/thematic issue, I will indicate that in a letter to the editor.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • All authors' names were removed from the document.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word/Open Office format and uses formatted headers (and levels).
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • If in English, the submission consistently uses American English (AE) spelling.
  • The abstract does not exceed 150-200 words (unless stated otherwise in a call for papers).
  • All illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • If applicable, figures are attached as vector-based graphics (e.g., .pdf or .eps) and will be uploaded in the next step.
  • In the submission form field "Comments for the Editor", I will mention whether my submission is intended for a regular issue or a special issue (if so, which one)

Author Guidelines


You may submit documents in .docx or .tex format. Please additionally submit all figures included in the submission in a vector-based format (e.g., .eps or .pdf). Please include an abstract (150-200 words, unless stated otherwise in a call for papers) in your submission. Please format headings and sub-headings accordingly, as this will facilitate further editing. Keep in mind that we only number Header Levels 1 and 2. To allow double-blind reviewing, the document must not contain information that allows identification of the authors.

Citation Formats

We expect citations in submissions to follow the American Psychological Association (APA) Style (7th). Submissions in the field of law may use the Oxford University Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities (OSCOLA).

OSM (Online Supplementary Material)

We encourage the inclusion of OSM for reasons of traceability and quality control. You may upload these materials to our repository during the submission process. If you choose not to, you will be asked to state why this is the case and provide an additional statement with your submission, e.g. the availability of supplementary material upon request. Please anonymize all data before upload.


This category is the most common. It can encompass a variety of genres and methodologies, ranging from conceptual papers, empirical studies (qualitative, quantitative, mixed-method), papers that focus on modeling, to design research. The word count of papers should be between 5,000 and 10,000 words. For well-justified reasons of complexity or scale (e.g., historical analyses, literature reviews), extended papers may be submitted and the word limit may be exceeded. Manuscripts that exceed the recommended length should justify this in the cover letter. As a rule of thumb, we urge the authors to write as concisely as possible to avoid lengthy papers.


This category typically includes invited opinion papers, essays, manifestos, and relevant reviews. Generally, commentaries are invited, but we are also open to unsolicited submissions of pressing issues surrounding digitalisation. In this case, we recommend getting in contact with the editors prior to submission. An approximate expected submission length of commentaries is 5,000 words, up to a maximum of 10,000 words. Decisions on commentaries will be taken directly by the editors, and hence, will not be subject to the regular review process.

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